Istvánffy Nicolaus: “Regni Hungarici Historia”
Historia regni Hungariae … libris XXXIV. … exact descripta. (Editio novissima. Ad primam Coloniensem de anno MDCXXII. Emendatissime recusa). Vienna, Trattner, 1758. Fol. With engraved. Title. 6 Bl., 524 S., 16 Bl. Restored Ldr. d. Zt. (2) – Petrik II, 239.- See Sturminger 188-190. Apponyi 2219. – Not with Giese. – The rarer of two issues in the same year at Trattner; the other in the printed annotation with the location “Viennae, Pragae et Tergesti” (VD 18 provisional [April 2019] 12258393-001). – Main work by Miklós Istvánffy (1538-1615), first published in 1622 regia iudiciaria Hungarica Pesthini anno domini 1758. … defendendas suscepit. Ex praelectionibus egregii … viri Iosephi Molnár de All-Toria, causarum fori utriusque per Hungariam advocati. Ibid. 1758. 4 sheets – Not at Giese.Multiple stamped and with several ms. Ownership and purchase notes, somewhat stained, browned.
At the end of 1605, Péter Pázmány wrote in his letter to Palatine Miklós Istvánffy, describing the general need of the educators of the time: a historian is needed to authentically talk about the events of the time since the death of King Matthias. Baron Istvánffy Miklós (1538-1615) held his 16th book at the time, ie the history of the 1550s, and has been working on his book for many years.
He began his narrative with the year of Matthias Hunyadi’s death, because the history of the Hungarians from the beginning to 1496 was already processed in his monumental work by Antonio Bonfini. Not only did Istvánffy complement, but in a remarkable way, continue Bonfini, processing the events between 1490 and 1613.
Istvánffy started writing his History because he was dissatisfied with the 16th century. century Hungarian historiography. His main concern was that the historians only processed details of the Jagello period and the Hungarian history of Mohács, and the foreigners were too ignorant of Hungary to write the facts. Therefore, he did not seek to meet the demands of rhetorical historiography, but rather sought to provide credible information. In his will, Pázmány entrusted to Peter the publication of the History, which was first published in Cologne in 1622, with the participation of Lőrinc Ferencffy.
Its popularity is indicated by the fact that it appeared abroad three more times (Cologne, 1685, 1724; Vienna, 1758). His work is still a prime source of the XVI. century history. The History of the 17th-18th centuries It was one of the most popular Hungarian history books of the 20th century, an indispensable piece of aristocratic and noble libraries. His success was due to his overview character, his effective and detailed presentation, which by virtue of his traits earned him the title of “Hungarian Livius”.